Computer security mainly entails information security as applied to computing resources such as software, hardware, and networks. This particular branch of computer technology has a clear objective of protecting information, software, and hardware from disasters, corruption, and theft while at the same time allowing the same information and other related technological assets to remain accessible and relevant to its intended users.
On a broader perspective, the term computer systems security implies the collective processes and mechanisms by which sensitive and valuable information assets and key services are protected from unintended tampering or publication by unauthorized individuals.
It is due to this background that organizations regardless of their size have to consider implementing a computer security plan.
This particular plan will attempt to protect systems against viruses, spyware and other intrusions, secure the e-mail system, comply with privacy regulations, secure customers data and protect intellectual assets. In order to effectively achieve computer security within the organization, it is advisable to consider:
Establishing organization specific security policies, procedures, and practices. Rather than handling common security threats such as viruses, Trojans, worms, and spyware individually, the organization should come up with a comprehensive security policy.
This requires the enterprise to establish an inventory of all the hardware, software, and network assets as part of a company wide security policy that addresses how people interact with the infrastructure, whether it is the software, hardware, or the network. The organization can deploy some kind of hierarchical permission based system that enables access based on either department, job title or both. Password controls should also be implemented and the organization should also try and benchmark its current security profile and set realistic goals for future improvement. In case the company does not possess the requisite technical knowledge to handle all this, then they should consult with an expert computer systems security individual or organization.